DCIS ( Ductal carcinoma in-situ)

This refers to stage 0 breast cancer.It can be of any size and and be present at one or more than one part of the breast.As it is defined as cancer cells which remain within the outer membrane of the cancer cells,the potential to spread beyond the breast is almst zeroThey present most commonly as a mammographic abnormality ,mainly as abnormal microcalcifications seen on mammogram.In rarer situations ,they can present as a breast mass ,nipple discharge or present as a breast infection.

The prognosis of treated DCIS remain excellent at about 98 % success rate after surgery and/or radiation. Treatment regimes may vary depending on the site ,size of DCIS and the general ftness of the patient.

FAQ: If I have DCIS there should be no need to remove the breast?
ANSWER:  This depends on the size of the DCIS and also if it is present in one area or multiple areas ( muti-focal) of the breast.If the DCIS spans across the whole breast or a significant portion of the breast then it will be difficult to accomplish proper cancer clearance without removing the breast.
In scenarios where the DCIS is a relatively small area compared to the size of the breast,then breast conservation can be safely accomplished.