This is the standard screening tool for breast cancer. A mammogram is advised for women above 40 years of age. Frequent anomalies which can be picked up by mammogram are described below.
Asymmetric Density, Microcalcifications, Stromal Distortion
The above terminologies describe abnormalities seen on a mammogram. They do not necessarily mean that it is a sign of cancer. However, it requires further investigations as advised by the breast surgeon. This may involve additional imaging such as specialised mammographic views of the abnormality. Ultrasound scans or MRI scans of the breast may be advised as necessary. A biopsy of the abnormality may be required in a small percentage of patients with such abnormal imaging.
What is Mammogram?
A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. A mammogram is used by a Breast Doctor to look at the abnormalities or any early signs of breast cancer. A mammogram is one of the most recommended tests to identify possible signs of breast cancer at an early stage.
How Mammogram is Done?
During the Mammogram patient will stand in front of the special x-ray machine. The lab assistant will guide you and place your breast on a plastic plate, another plate will firmly press your breast from the top and it will flatten the breast, holding it still and an x-ray will be taken. You may feel some presses on your breast. All the above steps will be repeated for the side view of the breast. Both the breasts will be X-rayed in a similar way.